Financial ratio formulae

Financial Ratio formulae

Prepared by

Liquidity Ratio

  1. Current Ratio = Current Asset / Current Liabilities


  1. Quick Ratio = (Current Asset – Inventory)/ Current Liabilities


  1. Net working capital to sales ratio = Current Asset - Current Liabilities/ Sales

Profitability Ratio

  1. Gross Profit Margin = Gross Income / Sales
  1. Operating Profit Margin = Operating income/ Sales
  1. Net Profit Margin = Net Profit/ Sales

Operating Ratio

A ratio that shows the efficiency of a company's management by comparing operating expense to net sales. Calculated as:

= Operating Expense/ Net Sales

  1. Asset Turnover Ratio = Revenue/ Average Asset
  1. Sales/Revenue Per Employee = Revenue/ Number of employees
  1. Operating Cycle Ratio = Days Inventory Outstanding + Days Sales outstanding  - Days Payable Outstanding


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