Get Instant Help From 5000+ Experts For
Get Instant Help From 5000+ Experts For

Process Oriented Layout

By HWA | Publish On: August 16, 2011 | Posted In:

A Process-Oriented Layout can simultaneously handle a variety of products and services. This is the traditional way to support a product differentiation strategy. It is most efficient when making products with different requirements or when handling customers, patients, or clients with different needs. A process oriented layout is typically the low-volume, high-variety strategy. In a job-shop environment, each product or small order is produced by moving it from one department to another in the sequence required for the product. A good example of the process-oriented layout is a hospital or a clinic. As the inflow of patients, each with his or her own needs requires routing through admissions, laboratories, operating rooms, radiology, pharmacies nursing beds and so on. Equipment, skills, and supervision are organized around these processes.

A big advantage of process oriented layout is its flexibility in equipment and labor assignments. The breakdown of one machine, for example, need not halt an entire process, work can be transferred to other machines in the department. Process oriented layout is also especially good for handling the manufacture of parts in small batches or job lots, and for the production of a wide variety of parts in different sizes or forms.

Why choose

The disadvantages of process oriented layout come from general purpose use of the equipment. Orders take more time to move through the system because of difficult scheduling, high labor skills and work in process inventories are higher because of imbalances in the production process. High labor skill needs also increase the required level of training and experience and high work in process levels increases capital investment.

When designing a process layout, the most common tactic is to arrange departments or work centers so as to minimize the costs of material handling. In other words, departments with large flows of parts or people between them should be placed next to one another. Material handling department costs in this approach depend on (1) the number of loads to be moved between two departments during some period of time and (2) the distance-related costs of moving loads between departments. Cost is assumed to be a function of the distance between departments.

Get Help for Process Oriented Layout Assignment Now

Fill up the assignment help request form on the right or drop us an email at Feel free to contact our customer support on the company 24/7 Live chat or call us on 312-224-1615.

Our “Solution Library” comprises accurate solutions to difficult Operations Management assignment questions. It is very useful for the students who look for hints to solve a problem they are stuck with. The aim of Solution Library is to provide step-by-step, fully explained solutions to problems which could serve as high-quality reference material for inquisitive students.

For more details, you can visit our websites at

Book Your Assignment

Drop files here or click to upload.
Or click here to upload

Recent Posts

How To Prepare An Excellent Thesis Defense?

Read More

How to Restate A Thesis? – A Detailed Guide

Read More

Explanatory Thesis: Examples and Guide for Clear Writing

Read More

How To Write 3 Types Of Thesis Statements?

Read More

How to Effectively Prepare for Your Thesis Defense?

Read More

Get assignment help from subject matter experts!

4.7/5 rating | 10,000+ happy students | Great tutors 24/7