Use SPSS for Data Analysis And Give Recommendations Based On The Results

Question

In 2007, data were collected from Mpumalanga Province on SMMEs that were owned by previously disadvantaged in a survey and the following table shows the dataset that was obtained. The aim of the study was to determine the factors affecting the poor performance of the enterprises.

Table

Owner

Gender

Race

Educ

BusAge

Exp

Employees

MonthRev

Registered

MonthCost

1

2

3

11

1

1

1

9

2

2.8

2

1

5

1

2

3

5

8

1

2

3

2

1

12

1

5

6

7

1

2.6

4

2

1

14

3

1

1

10

1

4

5

2

3

14

5

2

5

13

1

7

6

2

1

14

4

4

1

9

1

3

7

2

1

8

2

7

4

8

1

5.5

8

2

1

14

2

2

8

12

1

4.2

9

2

1

12

9

3

1

15

1

11.7

10

2

1

6

2

2

2

6

2

5

11

2

1

8

3

7

3

8

2

5.3

12

2

1

6

6

5

4

7

2

5

13

2

1

.

7

1

5

14

1

10.9

14

2

1

14

5

9

2

9

1

5

15

1

3

12

4

5

3

9

1

6

16

1

1

14

8

7

3

13

1

5.9

17

2

1

.

2

8

8

13

1

5

18

1

1

.

4

3

5

14

1

5

19

1

1

9

5

9

3

19

1

11

20

2

1

12

2

2

4

9

1

3

21

2

3

.

3

3

8

10

1

2.5

22

1

1

14

1

5

2

13

1

8

23

2

1

15

2

4

3

11

1

9

24

1

3

12

12

4

6

14

1

5.3

25

1

2

10

6

7

7

9

1

4

26

1

1

14

7

8

3

4

1

1

27

1

3

.

2

6

4

11

1

4

28

1

3

14

3

5

5

9

1

2

29

1

2

.

8

4

5

14

1

5

30

1

3

12

6

13

3

20

1

16.7

31

1

3

.

6

5

4

13

1

9

32

2

1

10

7

6

7

7

2

3

33

2

1

1

7

3

4

9

2

3

34

2

1

1

3

9

5

5

1

3

35

1

1

.

5

6

2

9

1

4

36

1

1

12

6

7

3

9

1

4

37

2

1

14

2

2

7

4

1

3

Note:

Educ = Education in terms of no. of schooling

BusAge = Age of the business in terms of years

Exp = Work experience in terms of years

Employees = No. of employees or workers

ManthRev = Monthly Revenue in ‘000 Rands

Registered = whether the business is registered with government or not. If yes, registered = 1 otherwise, registered = 2

MonthCost = Monthly Cost in ‘000 Rands

Use the SPSS, to do the following or answer the following questions

  1. Prepare frequency tables and give descriptive statistics of the variables. Also, draw the corresponding histograms or bar diagrams.                                       
  2. Are there any associations or correlations between background variables (i.e., gender, race, education, business age, experience, employees) and profit? Hint: Use the chi-square test or correlation analysis                                                                                                            
  3. Fit a linear regression model of revenue on: (a) Education (b) Work Experience and (c) No. of Employees. Interpret your results in the context of the study. (Use Alpha = 0.05
  4. Repeat question three using profit as the dependent variable. This time, include the ANOVA table and interpret it as well                                          
  5. Give recommendations as to how the performance of the SMMEs would be improved.                 

 

Summary

The question belongs to Statistics and it is about using SPSS for analyzing data in a table and giving recommendations based on the results.

Total Word Count 1841

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Comments

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