# State Null And Alternate Hypothesis For Testing Percentages And Probabilities

Question

A business analyst is studying trends related to university majors in the United States. Specifically, she is interested in the enrollment proportions for various majors, and which majors are the most popular. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the distribution of granted degrees by program category is given in the table below.

 Major Percentage of Degrees Business Administration (All) 19.7 Other Major 29.1 Biological and Biomedical Sciences 3.2 Social Sciences 5.2 Visual and Performing Arts 3.8 Health Science 12.7 Education 9.2 Engineering 3.5 Liberal Arts and General Studies 9.6 Psychology 4 Grand Total 100

The analyst finds that in the 2012 General Social Survey, the observed numbers of persons (a total of 359) graduating with degrees in these programs are as follows:

 Major Count Business Administration (All) 75 Other Major 95 Biological and Biomedical Sciences 8 Social Sciences 31 Visual and Performing Arts 14 Health Science 43 Education 49 Engineering 22 Liberal Arts and General Studies 13 Psychology 9 Grand Total 359

The analyst wants to determine if the distribution of degrees granted in 2012 differs from the distribution that NCES claims. She will use the chi-squared goodness-of-fit test.

a). State the null and alternative hypotheses that will be tested (convert the percentages as probabilities).
b). The output from a computer program used to run the test is given below. Chi-squared test for given probabilities

data: c(75, 95, 8, 31, 14, 43, 49, 22, 13, 9)
X-squared = 40.6562, df = 9, p-value = 5.776e-06
Show the last two (2)--and only the last two-- calculations involved in the computation of the test statistic.

c). State the conclusion in the context of the problem, based either on the rejection region or p-value approach, at the 0.05 level.

Summary

The question belongs to Statistics and it discusses about stating null and alternate hypothesis for testing the percentages and their probabilities.

Total Word Count 98

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