Karl Marx and Mikhail Bakunin were important critics of the politics system that emerged in western Europe in the wake of the French revolution –modern, secular, liberal democracies. Compared to other political theorists, Marx and Bakunin viewed liberal, secular democracies as conduits for capitalism, which legitimized the exploitation of the poor and, despite the pretense of political equality, produced social and economic inequality. They believed liberalism offered a restricted notion of political and social and economic inequality. They believed liberalism offered a restricted, deficient notion of political and social freedom. They were both critical of the ways religion is used by the state in support of the powerful.
How are Marx and Bakunin’s idea and critiques similar and different? Use class readings closely to support your answer.
To organize your answer, please use the following structure:
• To introduce your answer, briefly summarize Marx and Bakunin’s of modern society (1 paragraph each)
• Identify 2 important similarities between Marx and Bakunin (1 paragraph per idea; use quotes)
• Identify 2 important differences between Marx and Bakunin (1 paragraph per idea; use quotes)
The question belongs to Sociology and it is about the political and sociological changes that were observed by Karl Marx and Mikhail Bakunin during and after the industrial revolution in Western Europe. The views of both Marx and Bakunin with the similarities and differences have been discussed in the solution.
Total Word Count 555
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