GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) is a large-scale research program involving the efforts of a team of 160 scholars. The study explored cultural values and their impact on organizational leadership in around 60 countries. The GLOBE study developed a scale of nine cultural dimensions based on a survey of 17,000 middle managers in three industries: banking, food processing, and telecommunications. These nine dimensions are:
- Collectivism I (institutional): The degree to which organizational and societal institutional practices encourage and reward collective distribution of resources.
- Collectivism II (in-group): The degree to which individuals express pride, loyalty, and cohesiveness in their organizations or families.
- Gender egalitarianism: The degree to which an organization or society minimizes gender role differences and gender discrimination.
- Assertiveness: The extent to which individuals are assertive, confrontational, and aggressive in social relationships.
- Performance orientation: The extent to which a society encourages and rewards group members for performance improvement and excellence.
- Humane orientation: The extent to which a culture encourages and rewards people for being fair, altruistic, generous, caring, and kind to others.
- Uncertainty avoidance: The extent to which members of an organization or society strive to avoid uncertainty by reliance on social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices.
- Power distance: The degree to which members of a society expect and agree that power should be unequally shared.
- Future orientation: The degree to which individuals engage in future-oriented activities such as planning and investing in the future, delaying gratification.
Summary: This question belongs to human resource management and discusses about research program called Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness.
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