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Cost Volume Profit Analysis Question

Question

Cost-Volume-Profit Models

Part I

Bennis Shafts produces three types of golf club shafts which it sells to golf club manufacturers.  Prepare ONE worksheet to answer the following questions and to determine the outcomes of the different scenarios below.

The computation section of your spreadsheet should have two sections:

Section A.

  Answer the following questions based on the information as given:

1)  What is the sales mix?

2)  What is the contribution margin per unit for each type of shaft?

3)  What is the weighted average unit contribution margin for this mix of shafts (show both the CMU method and the total CM method)

4)  How many of each type of shaft must Bennis sell to breakeven?

5)  Given the limited production time, which type of shaft is most profitable?

Section B.

1. Prepare a variable costing income statement for each scenario below.  The assumptions/changes for each scenario should be shown in the input section and clearly labeled for that scenario.  The changes in scenarios 2, 3 and 4 are based on scenario 1 which is the information as given.  This means that all items should be at the values used in scenario 1 except the item(s) that are indicated to change for that particular scenario.  Prepare and clearly label a separate income statement for each scenario. 

2. Prepare a Word document with a short memo  (1/2 page single spaced) to Bennis Shafts management explaining the effects of scenarios 2, 3 and 4 on their operating income compared to scenario 1.  Please be clear but concise. 

Scenario 1Bennis sells shafts in the quantities, prices and costs as indicated in the given information.

Scenario 2– Due to a decrease in orders by 10%, management attempts to compensate for lower sales by increasing all prices by 10%.

Scenario 3 Bennis hires a new production supervisor at $50,000 in response to an increase in orders of 10%. 

Scenario 4Bennis changes its sales mix to Steel – 20%, Titanium – 60% and Beryllium – 20% while producing the same total number of golf club shafts.

 

Steel

Titanium

Beryllium

Total

Number of sets

6000

2000

1000

 

Price per set

$120.00

$150.00

$192.00

 

Direct material per set

$18.00

$33.00

$42.00

 

Direct labor per set

$12.00

$12.00

$12.00

 

Time to produce each shaft

0.5

0.4

0.7

 

Fixed costs

 

 

 

$300,000

 

Part II

Excel Spreadsheet

1. Using the following information, perform a sensitivity analysis and indicate to which variable would have the greatest effect on operating income.  Present the complete table.

 

Base

High

Low

Quantity Produced

                6,000

              7,000

              5,000

Price

$120.00

$130.00

$80.00

DM

$18.00

$25.00

$12.00

DL

$12.00

$30.00

$7.25

FC

 $      20,000.00

 $    23,000.00

 $    15,000.00

 

Summary

The question in finance deals with Cost Volume Profit Models. The question is divided into 2 parts. 1st part deals with a golf club manufacturing company.  Questions such as sales mix, contribution margin per unit, weighted average unit contribution margin, the breakeven point, etc have been calculated.  The 2nd part is to perform sensitivity analysis on given data and calculate greatest effect on operating income. Refer to the Excel document for the calculations.

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